Understanding the Parts of Toilet Properly

The toilet is the most significant part when you think to decorate your bathroom. It has a simple mechanism relating all the parts together. If you want to make your new bathroom, rearrange the bathroom with a new types toilet or fixing the problem of the old toilet, you need to understand the parts of the toilet properly.

The definition of a standard toilet can vary from person to person. Most people choose white color as the standard color for the toilet. Some choose the color matching with their bathrooms. According to federal law, the new toilet won’t use more than 1.6 gallons per flush where traditional one uses 3.5 gallons per flush.

New toilets will be low flow toilets and they will reduce the waste of water. So, you need a clear idea of the different parts of the toilet and its functionality. This article will help you understand the parts of the toilet.

Handle and Flush Rod

Handle and Flush Rod is one of the parts of the toilet flush. It is a horizontal rod that helps to activate the flush valve ball. It is connected through a wire or you can say it a chain.

The handle is connected with a screw. It is left-handed and works in clockwise.  Sometimes you can see that the handles of the toilet are loosened. You can fix it by tightening the nut of the toilet.

Lift Chain

The lift chain is connected to the flush rod. It goes to the lower part of the toilet tank. The lift chain does an important mechanism for moving the water. It helps the flush valve to open. After flushing, the waterfalls down the toilet bowl.

Occasionally the lift chain creates a problem by not adjusting with the proper place or by breaking it. You can understand it when you see that the flush is not working properly.

Flush Valve Seat

You will see it in the lower part of the toilet tank. It is one of the most important parts of the toiletIt can be made with plastic or metal part. It controls the water moving from the toilet tank to the toilet bowl when you flush.

There is an overflow tube connected with it. The flapper helps to stop the water from moving to the bowl. There is also a soft O-shaped seal surrounding the flush valve seat.

Flapper or Tank Ball

Flapper or tank ball usually stays on the flush valve seat. It is connected with lever trough a flush rod. When the water of the tank is full you cannot see the action of the tank ball. You will understand its functionality after flushing the toilet and observing the tank ball. If you press the outside handle of the tank, it will pull the flapper off by raising the lever.

Following water pressure, the valve remains closed. When the lever lifts the device, the water will go from the tank until it becomes empty. At that time, it will stay out of the seat by floating at the above of the water. The water level will gradually fall and the flapper will come back into its position so that the tank will refill again. It is also known as flush valve seat ball

Overflow Tube

The overflow tube is connected with the flush valve. It controls the water of the water tank. It provides safety by stopping the overflow of the water. If there is more water, it will spill over the top of the overflow.

Shutoff Valve

Sometimes it is needed to stop the flow of water like at the repairing time. Shutoff valve provides the facility to shut off the water at the time of repairing. It is not essential to have a shutoff valve. You can find it on the left side of the toilet.

Supply Tube

The supply tube is for supplying the water through the shutoff valve. You will find different kinds of supply tube-like plastic, steel mesh, etc. You will get the service from it frequently until it grows old.

Ballcock or Water Supply Valve 

Ballcock has many identities like water supply valve, inlet valve, fill valve, etc. It is responsible for restoring the water. You can find it on the left side of your toilet tank. It is one of the most important parts of the toilet. After flushing, it helps to refill the tank.

It is also responsible to shut off the water after getting the proper level of water in the tank. It has an upper level, float rod, lower level and many more and you can buy altogether. Most of the toilet problems are created from the ballcock. You can replace a new one to fix the problem.

Float Ball

It is a part of the float ball. If the water goes up to the highest level, it stops the valve. So the water cannot come anymore. You can find plastic or copper float ball in the market.

Tank-to-Bowl Hardware

You know well that there is always a line to toilet bowl from the toilet tank. It has brass bolts. They are with rubber washers and foam washer. You will find only one size of it but it will suit all the toilets.

Toilet Bowl and Toilet Tank

The toilet tank is the storage of the water. It reserves water and provides enough water for flush. The other thing is the toilet bowl. If you hear the word toilet bowl you imagine the outer part of it. But there is an internal curved trap structure it the bottom.

It works as a drain trap. It also prevents sewer gases. You will always see some water at the mouth of the toilet bowl. Actually, it is the configuration of the toilet’s drain trap’s mouth. The toilet bowl and toilet tank are the most important parts of the toilet.

There are few other parts like Toilet Seat, Closet Flange Bolt, and AC Toilet Water Supply available in a toilet.


If you want to know actually how a toilet works, we need to diagnose a toilet. Understanding the parts of a toilet you will able to know the functionality of a toilet. You can fix the problem as well. You can divide the whole toilet into four parts: Bowl, Tank, Stop Valve and Supply tube. All four parts are divided into several parts.

This article will help you understand the parts of a toilet properly. You can also bookmark this article. When you find any problem or you have a malfunctioning toilet this article will really provide useful information about all the parts of a toilet.

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